At the 19th Congress of China‘s Communist Party President Xi Jingping highlighted 14 fundamental principles for China‘s development for the rest of this century‘s first half emphasizing that „no Development would equal no Future“. The overall goal is to make China a Low-Carbon Eco-civilization with Zero Pollution! So therefore he outlined:
1. ensuring stable governance by the Party‘s Leadership over all development work
2. commitment to a PEOPLE – FIRST approach (discrediting any developments not good for the people)
3. continue to comprehensively (holistic) roll down reforms to arrive at people‘s long term benefit
4. adopt a new vision of development (shifting from quantitative to qualitative growth)
5. seeing that people run the country (towards shared innovation driven entrepreneurial society)
6. ensure every dimension of governance will be law-based (anti-corruption principles)
7. upholding core (Chinese) socialist values
8. ensuring and improving living standards through development (no poverty or mid income gap)
9. ensuring development in harmony with Nature (from war against Nature to balance with it)
10. pursue a holistic approach to National Security (incl. SDGs to avoid imbalances & inequalities)
11. upholding absolute party-leadership over the army (no room for military dictatorship)
12. uphold the principles of „One Country Two Systems“ under promotion of National reunification
13. promote the building of a community with a shared future of mankind (see also 2, 5 & 7)
14. Exercising full and rigorous leadership over the Communist Party of China (see also 6 & 11)
These 14 principles will be up for resolution on the agenda of the National Party of China [NPC] in March, being the China‘s “One Party“ legislative body – whereof the 26 representatives of China‘s ministries form the “Standing Committee“, meeting every week, best to imagine as a steering group over the execution of the governmental program decided once a year.
China‘s Communist Party [CCP] is not the one and only party in China, but with about 70mln members and a sound governance structure in place it is the country‘s current ruling party. The 70mln members are represented by 260 representatives forming the National Chinese Communist Party [NCCP]. They meet 2 times a year together with the Standing Committee. Looking at the principles 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13 & 14 (10 out of 14) their objective of keeping the CCP‘s leading role becomes evident. For policy making the president further heads the CPPCC, an assembly of 7 thematic commissions staffed out of the 26 ministerial members of the Standing Committee who‘s legislative work may be compared with the various thematic EU commissariats, creating development program proposals.
Hong Kong, being a Special Administrative Zone of China enjoys the privilege to have no obligation what so ever in delivering tax revenues to China. Nevertheless China expects Hong Kong to acknowledge China‘s sovereignty over its territory, which Hong Kong so far unilaterally withheld since 20 years and so stressing the no-change accords in the hand-over agreement from its part. Notwithstanding that China is giving Hong Kong new prosperity. Under the Belt and Road initiative Chinese companies dealing with parties from abroad are obliged to seek Hong Kong lawyers’ advice for international agreements. And most recently, in addition to the Belt and Road China admitted it to become the pacemaker of the Guangdong – Hong Kong – Macao Bay-area Initiative as a regional professional industry competence cluster for the Digital Economy.
The reasons for recent upheaval of young Hong Kong citizens were actually stemming from large discontent with their own weak government, seeming paralyzed in securing affordable housing conditions in Hong Kong. So they let themselves entice by foreign media to demand a stronger voice of their own on the choice for their future government. But that would have gone way beyond any previous practices under the British regime and therefore was no unlawful with regard to the 50 years no-change guarantee from China. Although the Yellow Umbrella movement had therefore been a slap into China‘s face, the voice of the people seems to have been taken serious. Hong Kong‘s new government under Mrs. Carrie Lam deems quite decisive on addressing the issues of discontent. But at the same time Mrs. Carrie Lam‘s background of foreign engagements with the Hong Kong Trade Development Council also clearly reconfirms China‘s esteem for Hong Kong‘s internationality. She promises that the best of Hong Kong is yet to come!